COMMENTARY: The CBI Programme – A Cessation Demand

Dear Mr. President,

Now more than ever since 1979, the potential for far-reaching social and political upheaval has never been greater. The ruling political establishment of Dominica has become so entangled in the international web of intrigue and obscure dealing, that it is even hard for them to deny any links now.
The People’s Party of Dominica (PPOD) wishes to address the issue of passport selling. We are completely opposed to the outright sale of Dominican passports for cash or kind. We fundamentally denounce any such program that bestows citizenship of any country on any person, whereby that
citizenship is granted for a simultaneous exchange of cash or barter.

We realize that the economic citizenship program, a.k.a the Citizen-By-Investment (CBI) program, is not a Labour Party brainchild. The scheme was initiated by the Dominica Freedom Party which witnessed its fair share of scandals. Under the United Workers’ Party, the CBI program continued and also contributed to questions about management posed by the then opposition Labour Party.

The common thread running here is the destabilization of political ethics due to a greed-inciting factor, a factor which at the same time causes us to lose the worth of our identity as a people.

A passport represents the most sacrosanct of identification documents. It is that piece of evidence that the international realm uses in order to assimilate persons who share inherent traits, common characteristics, and a common pride. Therefore, it is much more likely that born citizens of a country will share similar political and social experiences, some disfavourable and others not. A major factor for this is long term proximity, often combined with communal trust and family ties.

Among other variables, the political and social expressions of a country’s people contribute to how the world identifies that country. An outsider who is automatically granted citizenship unfairly usurps the characteristics and reputation of that granting country.

The CBI program under the current Dominica Labour Party (DLP) exponentially accelerated to become the revenue pillar. The DLP will not deny that it accounts for over 85 percent of GDP revenue, and that without it the ability to meet financial obligations and all forms of expenditure would cease to exist. We should have never ever arrived at that point!

Not only are we helplessly addicted to the CBI program, but we are also sometimes at the mercy of agents who charge extortionary fees and commissions, thus robbing both buyer and seller of a meaningful profit.

To compound matters further, strong allegations of corruption have surfaced involving the Prime Minister regarding the accountability and transparency of the program.

While accusations are hurled at the DLP regarding dubious characters and supposed misappropriated amounts, we can just go off from facts. The below points we consider as facts, because they have never been disputed or denied by the Labour Party:

Fact # 1: An unsolved discrepancy exists in the 2015/2016 budget, whereby for that budget year, CBI Inflows amounted to EC $279,800,000. From this
amount, actual expenditure came to $99,047,300, which was accounted for by the Consolidated Fund in that sum. Fees and other miscellaneous
expenses in the amount of $33,975,136.80 were further deducted. The balance or some EC $146.7 million is not accounted for.
Fact # 2: While on the books, Opposition Leader Lennox Linton is chairman of the Public Accounts Committee with Oversight on CBI matters, he is
powerless to call for and effectuate an on-the-spot audit. He has not seen, nor is he privy to obtaining a complete list of all financial transactions
since the inception of two accounts, one at the National Bank of Dominica (NBD) and the other at the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), where deposits from the CBI programme are maintained.

Fact # 3: There is no clear or public awareness procedure as to when CBI moneys are received, who acknowledges their receipt, who are the custodians of the two acknowledged bank accounts, and who decides the amount of disbursements according to discretion and/or external requests.

Fact # 4: Along with the peddling of passports for common citizenships, another program exists which confers diplomatic status on individuals, a lot of them of ill-repute, or on some individuals where the due diligence process has failed.

The majority of clients who purchase a second or multiple passports are people who want to minimize expenses, be it personal and/or corporate, and/or who want to expand their international travel capability. The minimization of expenses may mean tax avoidance or evasion; the acquisition of a cheaper lifestyle where their original home currency can stretch further; or the avoidance of prison/confinement.

For those who solely desire the ability to be able to travel to more destinations, it is because their original passports do not allow them to do so.
However, due diligence does not differentiate between someone who is of sound morale character and desires to genuinely start a new life, and a tax-evading rogue who skirts the law. The threshold for due diligence investigators not to recommend an individual or family for citizenship, is if he/they are involved in glaring terrorist related activities, or if he/they are in legal trouble, the consequences being incarceration or something similar.

Otherwise, all due diligence does is to report and give “grey area” advice.

Diplomatic passports should never, ever be sold for cash or exchanged for kind. This is sovereign prostitution to the highest degree. This not only cheapens a country’s diplomatic status, but places all bona fide diplomats at risk. Over 90 percent of persons who purchase diplomatic passports without having representational intent for that selling countries are crooks and scoundrels, known fact.

We share a dim view on those who wish to evade taxes. Flip it, and how would you like it if top Dominican businessmen were to travel abroad, their intention to evade local taxes? Would not treasury receipts be affected?

What gravely concerns us is the real possibility of terrorists and individuals of renowned disrepute travelling under our passports to conduct their nefarious deeds. For one, while due diligence does recommend on who to grant or not grant citizenship status, it is really up to the government to make that decision. For another, due diligence only goes so far. For example, if a well intended man from the Middle East with a decent reputation with two sons, both under the age of sixteen, applies for a family passport, background investigations will approve him. Say one of his sons has
links with terror groups, that most likely will not affect the due diligence decision in
recommending that the family get a second, in that case, a Dominican passport.

Due diligence cannot detect a massive conspiracy to cover up one’s background by state and other society officials.

The penalties for the fear of passports falling into the wrong hands are too well known. For instance just three years ago, Canada imposed visa restrictions on St. Kitts for fears that terrorists and other shady characters were acquiring St. Kitts passports for the purposes of avoiding immigration screening and entry denial.

These restrictions have since been lifted with St. Kitts promising tighter scrutiny and more regulations. The competition among OECS countries for a slice of the passport selling market has never been fiercer. Not only Dominica, but also countries like St. Lucia continue to lower the bar for entry requirements, thus raising the risks.

Our Dominican passport grants us access to 91 countries, thereby making it the 41st most valuable travel document. Envisage for a moment, especially under the new Trump administration, that a massive terror network with links to Dominica were uncovered by US authorities. There is no doubt that there would be a US response, especially given their confirmation that they are concerned about the program. As to what the response may be, one could take a guess from passport restrictions till we cease the program to outright aid sanctions, to heaven forbid, military intervention (worst case

As a result of the potential, undesirable outcomes listed above and because we are ethically perturbed, we hereby demand that the Citizen-By-Investment program, in its current form, wind down and cease operations within nine (9) months from the date of this letter. Just to re-iterate, we are firmly opposed to the selling of automatic citizenship.

The Government of Dominica had five good years of CBI returns to invest in alternative streams of revenue. Prudent investing over that time period
would have yielded returns equivalent to, or maybe more than what the CBI scheme reportedly earns. If a dearth of good ideas for lucrative alternative investments exists, we strongly recommend that the government consult our Economic Message webpage which lists a plethora of sound ideas.

In lieu of the CBI current structure, we recommend:

1. A resident-to-citizenship program, whereby foreigners can acquire Dominican citizenship after spending a certain amount of time per year, and
a total of a given number of years in Dominica. For example, an individual or family could attain citizenship after spending three years in Dominica.
Those years could be consecutive, or could be broken into a mandatory number of consecutive weeks/months per year for three years.

2. A measurable, rationale option whereby investors can obtain citizenship after say, their investments show early signs of fruition. Such sustainable
and viable investments should be made in economically pertinent areas.

3. A refugee-resident program, as outlined in our economic message. It is estimated that the average refugee costs the US government some US
$35,000 per annum. We could host refugees at three-quarters of that cost, all expenses being met by NGOs and UN programmes, plus still get
financial incentive for doing so.
Our demands can also be viewed as us doing the government a favour. In light of the recent news stories of the arrests of Ali Reza Monfared and Diezani Alison-Madueke, it is only logical to conclude that the eyes of the international law enforcement community are more focused on Dominica. Regardless of whether their passports were cancelled or revoked prior to legal troubles, the facts remain that they once held diplomatic status thanks to a scheme that should have never been.

We are calling on the Skerrit-led Labour Party government to do the right thing, and restore the pride and worth in our passport, a prominent yardstick by which the world measures us.

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  1. Mahaut.
    February 1, 2017

    All those folks in the People\’s party of Dominica are friends of Skeritt. That is why they cannot show their face or print their names. This is just a cover-up and distraction. Don\’t pay them no mind.

  2. not again
    January 31, 2017

    Where you getting your facts from?

  3. Africo
    January 31, 2017

    May I advise the People’s Party to change their party symbol. That Trident is the National Symbol of BARBADOS. It appears on the Barbados Flag. Be more original please and do not confuse Barbados in your buisness.

    • AllforDominica
      February 1, 2017

      So trident’s used elsewhere in books, pictures and things considered garbage at the end of the day are not original? Is it Bim who created the symbol, or simply used it as part of their Flag? Please be advised that you need to grow up, and realize many people, use the same symbols for whatever purpose they need it too.

  4. Anansi
    January 31, 2017

    Good writeup, but those people must come out and say who they are before it’s too late. Don’t wait until last minute to put your names and party on the candidate electoral slate. One thing though, St. Kitts and Canada are in constructive talks (I know 1st hand) to lift the sanctions. While they have not been lifted yet, all indications say that they will. Then you said that 146.7 million cannot be accounted for. You probably need to be specific in saying that it cannot be accounted for by the Consolidated Fund. But then over $700 million cannot be accounted for by the CF either. Keep up the fight people who ever you are, we need more voices like yours.

  5. John Paul
    January 30, 2017

    How You expect Charlo the Hypocritical Leader that took down Patrick John is now in the back pocket of Skeritt aiding and abetting similar issues on which He fought against!
    case in point SIPA Sunday Island Port Authority was supposed to be a Duty free Zone at the Cabritts area.Now Skeritt has given away 14 acres to Kempinski including enough Citizenships to finance it without us even knowing who are the owners

  6. January 30, 2017

    Who is this people’s party. Very uninformed about what is happening. Inflows of 279 plus million, a government has to be extremely inept to declare that it received that amount of and not able to account for it. Speak to the Financial Secretary she is not a politician. When money is received it is managed by the public servants not ministers. Canada has not lifted visa restrictions on st. Kitts, another twisted fact. This article is just total rubish, perhaps that is the reason why the party is afraid to put a name to this article.

      January 30, 2017

      @ANON: Money is managed by public servants? Fact- The 18million dollar bridge was to bajans by who ,public servants or Skerrit? The houses to be built in fly city was given to Henderson by who,public servants or skerrit? All non-tendered projects is given to party clowns by who, skerrit or public servents?
      Stop spreading lies? You all time is so near!
      God bless the wise Dominicans!

      • January 31, 2017

        Is Skeritt, writing the checks for the contracts? You must be an idiot to belive that. But then again you believe anything that comes from the opposition. The public servants are the ones that will be managin the disbursement of the 18 million. In your politically twisted mind do you think when the contract was signed the government gave the Bajan company 18 million dollars.

    • Mr. Care
      January 31, 2017

      You comment is nothing short of misinformed and bias.

      • January 31, 2017

        Do Citizens of St. Kitts require a visa to enter Canada? Could you answer this Mr. Care? I will help you, the answer is yes. But this article states that restrictions were lifted. I wonder who is bias and misinformed.

    • PPODREP1
      February 1, 2017

      @Anon: While sanctions are on the books nominally, the process for St. Kitts and Nevis citizens to obtain visas under under the Trudeau government has been greatly expedited. Visa restrictions have been lightened on St. Kitts and Nevis residents, to the point of granting further stays and less time in obtaining the document. That line should have read, “restrictions have been all but lifted…” However, you choose to focus on one small dot, rather than the whole picture – The message.

      You are quite ignorant in saying that public servants control the disbursements of money. If public servants controlled the disbursements of money, whose names are on the two accounts as custodians, one at the RBC and the other at the NBD? Who authorizes the disbursements of monies from these two accounts?

      Go ahead Anon, show us how informed you are?!

  7. ?
    January 30, 2017

    Facts, figures, no sentiments, the truth. Thank you. How to put this right? Dear President this is your chance to rescue us?

  8. lol
    January 30, 2017

    how is that full that write that.

    • January 31, 2017

      Lol you need to go back to school, you fool

  9. Da4real
    January 30, 2017

    Can someone please I beg tell me who is the leader of this party?thanks..waiting for response

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