Almost all physicians – 97.2 percent – trained in Dominica have emigrated abroad, according to the World Bank’s second edition of ‘Migration and Remittances Factbook, 2011’.
The report also reveals that the island loses a staggering 64.2 percent of its overall skilled labor force to emigration.
The report ranks Dominica at number 14 on the list of top emigration rate of the tertiary-educated. Guyana, Grenada and Jamaica rank rank one to three, respectively, in the top 10.
St. Lucia suffers similar woes as it loses two in every three of its physicians to greener pastures and is the last in the top-ten list of top emigration rate.
Dominica did not make the 2009 or 2010 top-ten list of recipients of remittances.
Further, the report’s stock of emigrants report shows 69.3 thousand or 104.1 percent of the general population migrating to the United States, United Kingdom, U.S. Virgin Islands, Antigua and Barbuda, Canada, Spain, Italy, France, Barbados and Greece.
According to the report, the stock of emigrants as percentage of population is defined as the ratio of emigrants of the country to the population — not the sum of population and migrants. “Because of this definition, this ratio may exceed 100 percent in certain cases (e.g., Dominica.),” the report states.
A BBC Caribbean report indicates that the figures appear to be some years old but points out that there is no doubt in the trend.
Some three percent of the world’s population or over 200 million people live outside their country of birth, having moved to escape poverty and unemployment or political and social repression.
This migration of people across international borders affects economic growth and social welfare in both sending and receiving countries.